Articles Posted in Medical Terms Glossary


OSTEOLYSIS:

Active resorption or degeneration of bone caused by disease, infection or ischemia. In total hip replacement patients it can be caused when there is metal-on-metal rubbing of the artificial hip joint which releases metal ions such as cobalt and chromium. These wear particles trigger an immune response which causes resorption of living bone tissues.

Often osteoloysis is asymptomatic — without symptoms — and can lead to the hip implant loosening or a bone breaking.

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METALLOSIS:

A serious medical condition in which metallic debris builds up in the soft tissues of the body. A major cause of this condition comes from medical devices such as artificial hip implants and artificial knee joint replacements.

Metallosis is one side-effect of metal-on-metal rubbing of artificial hip joints which led to the recall of the DePuy ASR hip implant systems.

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COBALTISM:

Is a medical condition in which there is an excessive level of cobalt, a metal, in the body. While Cobalt is essential for health in minute amounts, in excessive amounts it is toxic and can lead to damage of multiple organs leading to deafness, blindness, headaches, peripherperal neruopathy cognitive decline, heart problems and kidney failure.

Cobaltism is one side-effect of metal-on-metal rubbing of artificial hip joints which led to the recall of the DePuy ASR hip implant systems.

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NECROSIS:

Is premature death of cells and tissues. Necrosis can be caused by infection, toxins or trauma.

Necrosis can affect some artificial hip implant patients if their hip device rubs metal-on-metal, releasing cobalt and chromium ions into the surrounding tissue and bloodstream.

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ABDUCTION:

Lateral movement of a limb away from the median plane or midline of the body.

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ABRASION

Superficial damage to the skin.

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ACCELERATION-DECELERATION INJURY:

Injury to the neck area commonly caused by hyperextension/hyperflexion of the neck. This is usually associated with rear end auto accidents.

The Farber Law Group represents people with serious personal injuries and wrongful death claims. Our practices areas include: wrongful death; serious personal injuries; motor vehicle accidents; malpractice; nursing home neglect and abuse; burn injuries; traumatic brain injury; spinal cord injury; dangerous products; slip, trip and fall; foodborne illness; construction accidents. Contact us today for a free case consultation.

ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING:

A person’s normal activities in everyday life such as grooming one’s self, maintaining one’s home, eating, working, and participating in recreational activities.

The Farber Law Group represents people with serious personal injuries and wrongful death claims. Our practices areas include: wrongful death; serious personal injuries; motor vehicle accidents; malpractice; nursing home neglect and abuse; burn injuries; traumatic brain injury; spinal cord injury; dangerous products; slip, trip and fall; foodborne illness; construction accidents. Contact us today for a free case consultation.

ACUITY:

The sharpness or quality of a sensation.

The Farber Law Group represents people with serious personal injuries and wrongful death claims. Our practices areas include: wrongful death; serious personal injuries; motor vehicle accidents; malpractice; nursing home neglect and abuse; burn injuries; traumatic brain injury; spinal cord injury; dangerous products; slip, trip and fall; foodborne illness; construction accidents. Contact us today for a free case consultation.

ACUPRESSURE:

A traditional Chinese form of medicine where physical pressure is applied to acupuncture points for the purpose of relieving pain. Its techniques are derived from acupuncture.

The Farber Law Group represents people with serious personal injuries and wrongful death claims. Our practices areas include: wrongful death; serious personal injuries; motor vehicle accidents; malpractice; nursing home neglect and abuse; burn injuries; traumatic brain injury; spinal cord injury; dangerous products; slip, trip and fall; foodborne illness; construction accidents. Contact us today for a free case consultation.